Dementia is a fancy term used to describe memory and other thinking difficulties.
Thinking problems most often associated with dementia include memory, language, visual spatial functions, motor behavior, and reasoning. There are many different types of dementia, one of them being Alzheimer's Dementia which is an irreversible dementia charactrized by progressive memory loss. Other types of dementia, however, are reversible and include dementia caused by depression and/or anxiety. Once the depression and/or anxiety is treatment, memory improves meaning the dementia is reversed.
Neuropsychological evaluation is a means to assist with diagnosis so proper treatment planning can occur. The sooner memory difficulties are detected, the sooner treatment can begin. Early treatment is the key to retaining memory and other cognitive skills. Other conditions that can contribute to memory problems include:
Lewy body disease
Progressive supranuclear palsy
Progressive nonfluent apahasia